2. Complex texts oftentimes contain complex sentences that are longer and include multiple phrases, clauses, or ideas. This puts more demand on a reader’s working memory, and also helps the author express emotions associated with a topic or event more clearly and with more meaning than with shorter, more simple sentences.
3. Ideas within a text are connected using pronouns, synonyms, and ellipses in complex texts. This feature, referred to as coherence, can be challenging for younger students and ESL students. Making connections between ideas when students need to make inferences about whom or what an idea may be referring to can be a difficult task for some students.
4. Choose a short piece of text or a chunk of a longer text when choosing a complex text for Close Reading. These could be articles from magazines such as Time or Discover or even sections from your textbook. Many science and social studies textbooks are written above the reading level of your students due to the domain-specific vocabulary and concepts they contain.
If you still need assistance in finding complex texts for your science or social studies lesson, please take advantage of the expertise in your own building and ask your Librarian or ELA teachers for help.
By: Kristen Keenan, CA BOCES Learning Resources